EMS: Smart Technology for Physical Fitness and Back Pain Treatment
Exercise and physical activity have a positive impact on an individual’s health and social life. Exercising regularly will ensure physical fitness and fortify the body’s immune system. But, incorporating sports in one’s lifestyle is hardly possible with the ever-accelerating pace of modern life, in addition to health problems that may limit mobility making it almost impossible to engage in any form of sports or regular physical activity.
Nonetheless, modern smart technology offers an effective solution to people with limited mobility, through the Electrical Muscle Stimulation technology known as Electromyostimulation.
The European College of Sport Science during its 23rd annual congress held in the Irish capital Dublin, published an abstract about “Whole-body Electromyostimulation” (WB-EMS) to treat patients with chronic nonspecific back pain. We gladly present the abstract to you below:
WHOLE-BODY ELECTROMYOSTIMULATION (WB-EMS) TRAINING IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC UNSPECIFIC BACK PAIN
INTRODUCTION: The preferred intervention for treating patients with chronic nonspecific back pain, according to the German National Care Guideline, is active exercise and to establish regular exercise in daily life. The lifestyle of patients with chronic nonspecific back pain mostly does not include any sports. They also often suffer from limitations of their mobility due to degenerative diseases of further joints. Therefore, there is an urgent need to help physical passive people to enable them to exercise easier. The use of Electromyostimulation (EMS) in order to train specific muscles has been established in physiotherapy for decades. Within the fitness industry, supported training by WB-EMS is becoming increasingly popular. Therefore, applying this kind of training seems logical in patients with chronic unspecific back pain.
METHODS: In an ongoing prospective clinical trial, 49 patients with chronic nonspecific back pain have been enrolled for WB-EMS training. The average age is 53.7 years (27-85 years). The first evaluation takes place after 3 months. The training is carried out according to the usual recommendations in fitness training once a week for 20 minutes under the guidance of a trained physiotherapist. The core muscles are trained upper and lower limbs.
RESULTS: The pain sensation averages on the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS; 1-10) improved significantly by 1.198 (from 4.66 to 3.46, p <0.05). The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) improved significantly, resulting in a significant 3.37% reduction in disability (p <0.05). The NASS also achieved a significant improvement of 0.51 points (p <0.05). The pain value of the SF 36 questionnaire improved by 8.88 (p <0.05). The other SF-36 parameters also tended to improve without reaching significance levels. In the point "limitations due to emotional problems", no improvement could be achieved. In the HADS score, improvements could be found for depression and anxiety, but these changes were also not significant.
CONCLUSION: By training with WB-EMS, all the back and pain parameters in the examined scores could be improved. It is thus an efficient training tool for people with chronic nonspecific back pain. In the further course of the study, the long-term effect will be evaluated by extending the training period. A comparison group with a traditional physiotherapy program will show the efficiency compared to a physiotherapeutic therapy concept.
Original Article-Link: www.researchgate.net/publication/327137101
By Damsco Media